Physical Fitness Important


Physical inactivity has been identified as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality and adults who are physically active have a 25% reduced risk of a premature death and up to 50% reduced risk of developing chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke and Type II diabetes.

Lack of physical activity is associated with obesity, breathing problems, infertility, psychological problems and even some cancers. Recent research, reported that adults of South Asian origin were 3 times more likely to die from heart disease and 6 times more likely to develop Type II diabetes than the White participants. Physical inactivity and obesity in childhood is strongly linked with that in adulthood as physical activity decreases with age.

In the UK there are significant inequalities in levels of physical activity: where compared with the general population in England, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Chinese men and women are less likely to meet physical activity recommendations. Over half of people in black and minority ethnic (BME) communities do no sport or physical activity11. On average BME populations have a lower sports participation rate than the national average of sports participation (46%): Bangladeshi (30%), Pakistani (31%), Indian (39%) and Black Caribbean (39%) and 92% of South Asian women do not take part in the recommended levels of activity, compared to 55% of all women. One of the main factors contributing to such low levels of participation is a lack of BME role models who have little involvement with organising sporting activities.